1. What is “learning”?
When it comes to the 12 Chinese essays, all DSE test takers should have memorized them by heart and be able to handle many of the questions, such as “What do I want in a fish? I believe you should have a good idea of what you want to say, but how will you answer the following questions?
Please use two words to summarize the content of the following assigned literary classics, and the answers will be revealed at the end of the text.
|__________ and __________ (please fill in blanks)|
|《論孝》和《出師表》||__________ and __________ (please fill in blanks)|
Why is it that you can respond quickly when asked “what argumentative techniques were used in “魚我所欲也” and what effect did it achieve”, but it is difficult for you to summarize the content of the three essays in two words? In fact, there are two kinds of knowledge: the “deep knowledge” of truly understanding the essays, and the “shallow knowledge” of merely understanding the writing techniques.
We are in the age of information explosion, and it is impossible to have a deep knowledge of all knowledge. Having a lot of “shallow knowledge” is not a bad thing as it allows you to quickly explore knowledge in a certain field or communicate with various people. However, the relationship between “superficial knowledge” and “deep knowledge” is like a flower in a mirror; the former has the beauty of a flower, but lacks the fragrance of a flower and cannot solve practical problems or explain concepts in simple terms.
Therefore, having only a “superficial knowledge” can be dangerous. Going back to the example earlier, you think you have understood the 12 sample essays, but you don’t, and when asked more in-depth questions, you may not be able to answer them. Worse still, we are misled or misled others from the start, as Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman said: “You can’t fool yourself, but you are the easiest person to fool.
2. How not to be “cheated” by yourself? Teaching you the Feynman Method, a super-speed learning method
The best way to not be deceived is to apply critical thinking and deep learning, and the Feynman Method trains both of these skills. “The Feynman Method, inspired by Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman, is applicable to anyone, especially if you are one of the following three people.
- Only know the surface simple knowledge, but can not grasp the core deep knowledge
- Even if you understand the depth of knowledge, you will soon forget it.
- It takes a long time to complete the study
Now you can solve the above problems in just 4 steps to learn quickly and remember the key points.
Step 1: Select
First, choose a topic/skill that you want to learn (e.g., “出師表”), then take out a blank piece of paper and imagine that you are teaching the teacher of that topic and write down what you want to teach on the paper.
Effect: This way you will know exactly how much you understand about that topic and whether there will be any unclear points.
Step 2: Review
Don’t be discouraged if the first step doesn’t go well. At this point, you can revisit the study materials and relearn the parts that were unclear to you. When you are done, you can go back to step 1 and continue to write about what you want to teach.
Effect: Learn from the past and practice for weaknesses.
Step 3: Organize + Simplify
After that, you can try to explain the topic in simple language. If you find that the content is long or incomplete, it means that you do not fully understand the content and you can try to simplify, organize, and structure the content.
Effect: Try to “internalize” the knowledge, really understand the content, so that the answer becomes more eloquent, but also can train independent thinking skills
Step 4: Teach
If you have the time and opportunity, try to teach someone who is not familiar with the topic/skills in Step 3. If he learns it, then you’ve learned the core knowledge!
Effect: To apply the knowledge learned in the textbook in daily life, to further consolidate the knowledge by applying it in a living way.
By repeating the above 4 steps over and over again, you will become fully familiar with the relevant topics and achieve 2 core studies.
- Accurately use simple examples to explain abstract concepts
- Flexibility in citing different materials to organize specific and persuasive answers
3. Why is the Feynman Method more effective?
In fact, learning can be divided into active learning and passive learning. Active learning is learning by “output” methods, such as group discussions, teaching others or applying knowledge immediately; passive learning is learning by “input” methods, such as daily classes, reading reference books, etc.
According to the Cone of Learning, a study conducted by the National Training Laboratory in Maine, active learning is more effective than passive learning, and the Feynman Method advocates the most effective method of teaching others to learn new knowledge.
In addition to the above tips, the following star-rated notes are also useful to help you improve your scores and study efficiency.