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DSE English Writing 寫作 Paper 2好講求大家嘅sentence structure要有變化,相信大家英文作文都會想用到Inversion架啦,今日就分享下各種Inversion既用法啦,以例子輔助,輕鬆易明呢個咁高難度嘅grammar。


1. 位置副詞:將一串指示位置/方向既phrase搬到前面

常用字詞:above, against, behind, beside, under, on, in…

用法:地方 + (verb) + (noun)

  • Standing under the tree is Tom. (Tom is standing under the tree.)
  • Outside the classroom stood thirty students. (Thirty students stood outside the classroom.)

2. 動詞:將active voice轉為ing、passive voice動詞轉為past participle再放在前面

用法: Present/Past participle phrase + (be) + …

  • Following is a list of possible solutions. (A list of possible solutions follow.)
  • Included in the file are two sheets of paper. (Two sheets of paper are included in the file.)

3. 比較副詞:直接將整串比較phrase搬到前面

用法: 比較副詞 + (verb) + …

  • Even more annoying/ Most annoying is Tom’s constant noise. (Tom’s constant noise is even more annoying/ the most annoying.)

用法: 假如兩句有並列關係,可以在第二句使用inversion: …. , (比較副詞) + (do)/(will) + (noun) + (verb)

  • The more we thought about the plan, the less did we like it.

用法: did後動詞要跟現在式!

  • The more we thought about the plan, the less we liked it.

4. 轉折關係:利用as / though並把形容詞詞前置

用法: (Adj.) + as / though + (noun) + (verb) + …

Difficult as their tasks were, they completed them quickly. (Although their tasks were difficult, they completed them quickly.)

5. 假設關係:將原本if後be/has/should前置

用法: (be)/(had) + (pronoun) + (verb) + …

  • Were I to get the job, I would do my utmost. (If I were to get the job, I would do my utmost.)
  • Had they told the teacher, we would be punished severely. (If they had told the teacher, we would be punished severely.)

用法: Should + (pronoun) + (verb) + …

  • Should you need any further information, please feel free to contact me. (If you should need any further information, please feel free to contact me.)

6. 負面副詞:Inversion可以用黎強調負面意思,將Not字後的一串phrase前置
用法: Not: Not until, Not since…
用法: Not + phrase + did/has/will… + (noun) + (verb) + …

  • Not until we finished our work did we go to play. (It was not until we finished out work that we went to play.)
  • Not a penny did Tom give the beggar. (Tom did not give the beggar a penny.)

用法: No: 如有帶負面意思的any,記得轉做No

  • On no account could you take away the book. (You could on no account take away the book.)
  • Under no circumstances must you tell the secret. (You must not tell the secret under any circumstances.)

用法: 常用phrase有on no account, under no circumstances, nowhere, at no time…

  • Only: Only by this way, only when, only if, only after…
  • Only after you had finished your work could you leave. (You could only leave after you finished your work.)

7. 程度副詞:一啲顯示「少」、「低」既副詞亦都可以用Inversion, 用法係將副詞放到最前面
用法: 副詞 + has/did + (pronoun) + (verb)…

  • Little did we know that Tom has finished the work. (We did NOT know that Tom has finished the work.)
  • Hardly had we started studying when the teacher came. (We had hardly started studying when the teacher came.)

留意關於頻率既副詞(hardly, scarcely, barely)後面通常接when/before,常用既副詞有例如Little, seldom, hardly, scarcely, barely…

用法: So…that/suck: 用來強調一個形容詞
用法: So + (adj.) + (be) + (noun) + that + …

  • So annoying was Tom’s noise that we could not concentrate. (Tom’s noise was so annoying that we could not concentrate.)

用法: Such + (be) + (noun) + that + …

  • Such is the danger of fire fighters that they are highly respected.

8. 時間: 簡單直接,將時間搬到前面
用法: (時間) + (verb) + …

  • Last year saw many conflicts between the US and North Korea. (We saw many conflicts between the US and North Korea last year.)
  • Recent months have seen controversy regarding the government’s spending on education.



“Don’t be intimidated by what you don’t know.

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